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TFT Beginner’s Guide – Everything You Need to Know

tft beginner guide

What is TFT?

TFT is an 8 player Auto Battler which is a new genre that pioneered with Dota 2’s Auto Chess, TFT is Riot’s sight of this new genre. In this genre, the player strategically places his champions in grids (which is honeycomb-shaped in TFT) and watches them fight with other player’s placed champions. And the battle to become the last one standing, this Beginner’s guide aims to help you to get through basics and becoming the one that stands.


Placement grids in TFT


TFT’s Basics

There are three types of rounds in the game: Carousel, PvE battles against monsters, and PvP rounds against teams fielded by other players. Champions are recruited from the Carousel and the store, while items are obtained through the Carousel and PvE rounds. The game starts with 100 HP (Some galaxies may change that) and when you drop down to  0 HP game ends (But you can use your decreased hp to your profit in carousel)   


Elements of TFT


A TFT game starts with a ”Carousel” the player chooses his/her first champion with a tagged item. To be noted; in the first Carousel, there is no order for choosing, everybody gets released at the same time. Carousels after the first one has a release order which starts from lowest to highest health pointed players, the release is done in pairs.




Little Legends

In TFT “Little Legend” is the “Manager” of the arena, players can control their Little Legend using their right-click in the mouse, although it is the only movement controlled object in the game, it has a very limited gameplay function, the player can move to collect item orbs and pick a champion from the Carousel and that’s all. You can unlock skins by buying eggs or advancing in battle pass to customize your Little Legend.


Little Legend / Featherknight

Champions, Origins, and Classes (TFT Set 3.5)

All champions in TFT are grabbed from the League of Legends, base game and universe of Riot Games. In every set (season may be more familiar) developers pick and determine what champions will be included and which origins and classes they belong depending on the story of characters. If you use enough champions from the same origin or same class they give bonuses to the entire board or related champions. Champions in the same origin may share the same class too as a result these two factors create synergies. 

Current set’s origins sheet

Current set’s champion list

 Two main factors determine the strength of a champion, these are  Champion’s Star Level and Tier. 

Star Level

Star level is basically the power level of the champion, every champion can be upgraded up to Level 3. To upgrade a champion’s Star Level you have to purchase 3 of the same champion, for further improvement merge 3 of these upgraded champions. Upgrading a champion increases the selling price as well as attack damage, ability damage, and HP. 


Tiers indicate rarity, price, and base power level of the champions, the highest tier is Tier 5. Higher tier means a higher price, as well as HP, AD, and ability damage of the champions. 


Champion Pool and Rolling Chances

Keeping track of how many champions are left is a mastery in the game, in order to upgrade a champion to the level 3 you have to use 9 instances of the champion, however, champion quantities are shared with other players. Quantities according to Tier and the level of your Little Legend are down below.   

Numbers inside brackets are quantity of one champion belonging the tier.

Level Tier 1 (29) Tier 2 (22) Tier 3 (18) Tier 4 (12) Tier 5 (10)
1 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
2 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
3 75% 25% 0% 0% 0%
4 55% 30% 15% 0% 0%
5 40% 35% 20% 5% 0%
6 25% 35% 30% 10% 0%
7 19% 30% 35% 15% 1%
8 14% 20% 35% 25% 6%
9 10% 15% 30% 30% 15%


TFT Items 

 Items in TFT are mostly the same as League of Legends with some exceptions (Mostly spatula items). They consist of two categories; Item Components and Full Items.

Item Components: These are obtained by Carousels (Until round 21) or PvE rounds (Until Epic Monsters), they add basic buffs to your champions such as adding ad, attack speed, armor, health, and critical hit chance, you can match item components to get full items. There is a list of components and their bonuses down below:

tft guide

B.F. Sword: 15 attack damage bonus.


Tear of the Goddess: 15 Mana.


Recurve Bow: 25 Magic resist.


Negatron Cloak: 25 Magic Resist.



Sparring Gloves: 10% Critical Hit chance and 10% Dodge chance.


Needlessly Large Rod: 20 Spell power.


Chain Vest: 25 Armor. 


Giant’s Belt: 200 Health


Spatula: Does nothing in this shape, matching with another component item adds wearer the class that full item provides.




Full Items

 Can be obtained through matching item components and winning PvE battles against Epic Monsters or by Carousels (After round 21) these items take fragmented item buffs further and also these items give special effects.


Arenas and Arena Skins

The arena is the floor of this battleground, it includes a battlefield for champions, the champion bench, and the Gold Generators. The arena can be customized with different skins too, some of them can be obtained via playing the game and through battle passes, some of them are buyable from the game store. Existing arenas in TFT are down below.


Base Arenas

Dark Star







Monsters are the way to get items, they can drop gold too. In every couple of rounds, your champions fight with these monsters. Every monster has an attack pattern and because of that most of them have weaknesses against certain formations. There are 3 monster categories in TFT:

(TFT Set 3.5)

Lesser Units: 

Cytes: They are basically minions, the player encounters with them in only preparation rounds, and they are easy to kill.

Basic Kayn: It appears in the final preparation round with 2 Cytes, a little bit harder to kill in comparison to Cytes but not much of a big deal. 

Midrange Units

Terrabusters: Terrabusters are 3 big tanky stones, whenever one terrabuster is defeated; other terrabusters regain full health, which makes them harder to kill in comparison to Lesser Units, the best strategy against these enemies is placing your team on the right to kill the lone terrabuster first.

Anchortails: In this round, 5 Anchortails will spawn in the enemy side of the board, they begin the round as stealth, their stealth will be dismissed after they jump behind your furthest champion, the best strategy against them is replacing your front line with your fragile backline.

Arcraptors: In this round 2 Arcraptor and 3 little raptors will spawn in a certain order, whenever one Raptor is defeated, all the other Raptors becoming larger each time and gaining attack damage, there is no strategy against them, you must be stronger to beat them.

Epic Units

Elite Kayn: Elite Kayn has 11 times more HP and 2.5 times more attack damage from the Basic Kayn, his special ability is becoming unforgettable and getting inside the farthest enemy champion for 2.5 seconds. At the end of the duration, he will dash out and deal 1500 magic damage to his target and all other enemies hit, unfortunately, there is no real strategy too, just be stronger.

Rift Herald: Rift Herald is a big filthy bug which charges to the center of the first line before starting to attack, moving your strongest front line in the center of the first line can help to defeat it.

TFT Galaxies

Galaxies are basically rulesets of the game, there are a handful of galaxies that give some flavor to the gameplay. Present galaxy varieties are down below with their encountering odds.


Information provided by this guide is only valid for TFT’s current set (3.5) 






No special rules.


tftDwarf Planet

The nearest and farthest rows on every board are impassable.

Units cannot be placed in impassable hexes during the planning and cannot enter them during combat.


tftGalactic Armory

All players start with a box containing 3 item components. (All players receive the same items.)


tftManatee’s Delight

All players receive a free Spatula at the start of the game.


tftPlunder Planet

All champions have a chance to drop a coin, especially the first one.


tftSalvage World

Selling a champion also disassembles matched items.



On reaching stage 3–1, players receive a box containing Force of Nature.


tftTrade Sector

All players receive one free re-roll per round. Free re-rolls cannot be saved up.


tftTreasure Trove

ALL minions and monsters drop a loot orb.





 In 24th of August, Mortdog (Lead Designer of TFT) made an announcement that a new galaxy will be born in the PBE.


The Big Bang (PBE) = Players receive a free re-roll each round, a Force of Nature when Stage 3 begins, 

and loot  orbs from all minions and monsters.

Free re-rolls cannot be saved up.




Gold in TFT is the income over the game that players can spend on buying champions, experience, and on re-rolling champion pool. Choosing when and for what to spend is a very important decision in the game, there are 2 main gold strategies in the game.

Aggressive strategy: In this strategy, the player uses gold his/her gold to re-roll in the early game to obtain as many low cost 3 Star units as possible and hope to obtain a win streak, the pressure in early and mid-game and HP advantage, this strategy mostly relies upon your luck.

Patient Strategy (Being Cheapskate): This strategy is more patient and more reliable choice, the player doesn’t really care for early game, so he/she doesn’t re-roll or level up, settles with shop’s offerings and saves up with his passive income + interest + loss streak (if possible) until stage 3-1 when reaches 50 gold milestone and gets the maximum interest for every round, then starts to invest in champions while staying over 50 gold to maintain maximum interest range. This strategy is very efficient and with a little luck, you can see yourself gliding in the stairway to the winning four.

 There are 3 direct ways to obtain gold, these are:

  • Passive Income: Players gain 5 gold at the beginning of each planning phase.This is reduced to 2 / 2 / 3 / 4 at the beginning of rounds 2 / 3 / 4 / 5
  • PvE Battles: In PvE battles, there is a chance to gain gold through drops.
  • After winning a PvP round, gain an additional 1 gold.

Also, there are 4 ways to get bonus gold, these are:

  • 10% Interest – Gain an additional 1 gold as a result of holding 10 gold (calculated before passive income; up to 5 per turn).
  • Win Streak
    • Gain an additional 1 gold when at 2-3 wins in a row.
    • Additional 2 gold when at 4 wins in a row.
    • Additional 3 gold when at 5+ wins in a row.
  • Loss Streak
    • Gain an additional 1 gold when at 2-3 losses in a row.
    • Additional 2 gold when at 4 losses in a row.
    • Additional 3 gold when at 5+ losses in a row.
  • The ability of Space Pirates: 2 champion effect of that class can also make you some profit, every time a space soldier kills an enemy there is a %50 chance to gain 1 gold.


Experience in TFT is primarily used in-game for gaining access to additional and stronger champion units, each level has a percentage on finding high tier champions. Players can spend 4 gold in order to gain  4 experience toward their next level and also gain 2 experience at the end of each round for free, max level is Level 9. The XP needed for each level is in the chart below:


Legend Level


Unit cap


At the start of the game



After the first wave



2 XP



6 XP



10 XP



20 XP



32 XP



50 XP



66 XP




After a lose your Little Legend will lose some hp, the amount of the damage is proportional to alive enemy champions and stage of the game. The chart is down below as usual.


Units Left

1 Unit

2 Units

3 Units

4 Units

5 Units

6 Units

7 Units

8 Units

9 Units

10 Units

Damage taken











You can calculate how much your Little Legend will get hurt by adding alive unit damage to stage damage.

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Stage 5

Stage 6

Stage 7+








Stay tuned for more comprehensive TFT Guides by SenpAI! We constantly improve our platform and share insights upon new sets, tactics & compositions. See you on the next round!


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